A Ukulele is tuned to GCEA which is equivalent to these keys on the piano
Getting started with basic chords and strums,
You should be able to get to grips with basic chords in a very short space of time. Once you have got C, F and G sorted, you can play a whole host of two- and three-chord songs. C is the best chord to start off with: It doesn’t really matter what finger you use to fret a C chord, although most people use their ring finger, as this gives greatest flexibility for moving to and from other chords.
Make sure you are stopping the string cleanly and just behind the fret (i.e. towards the pegs), and check that your left thumb is curved around the neck of the ukulele, not supporting the neck from the back.
You can strum a ukulele in any number of ways, but the easiest and cleanest way is with your index finger. Point at yourself (as though you were singing ‘Me, a name I call myself’) and then reinforce your index finger by laying your thumb across it. Then use the nail of your forefinger for the down-strum, and the pad for the up-strum, making sure you are hitting the strings roughly where the neck meets the body of the instrument, and not over the sound hole. This method is the least likely to result in blisters. To start off with, get used to a basic up-down-up-down strum, making sure you make contact with all four strings, and that the rhythm is even. Once you have got this far, you can begin to practise playing and singing at the same time straight away: it is a good idea to make singing and strumming natural companions right from the start.
F is the next chord to learn: When teaching students to read chord diagrams, you will need to point out which lines are the frets, and which are the strings, as there may be some confusion at first. Some teachers put coloured dots on the fretboard: yellow for C, two green for F, red for the other two needed for G.
Row Row Row Your Boat and Frère Jacques both work as one-chord songs. Practise changing between C and F: a good drill is to do eight strums on each, then reduce this to six, four, then two and then one. You can then tackle some two-chord songs in the key of F. If you’re feeling bold, you might like to add C7 to your repertoire to spice things up a little:
G and G7 come next, and involve three fretting fingers: You can practise moving between the chords in a similar way to before. A whole host of three-chord songs are now available to you. Tried and tested ones include: „
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C Chord and hand position