Ask the class to stand in a circle and keep a steady beat with their feet (walking on the spot) referring to the role of the “Surdo” group in “Samba da Janeiro”.
While everyone keeps the beat steady, use clapping or body sounds (from starter activity in lesson 2) to play them some rhythms which they echo back to you – CALL AND RESPONSE.
Now tell the pupils that instead of copying what you clap, they can make up their own rhythms when they respond. You may want to draw a parallel with spoken conversation, where you don’t just repeat what the other person says. You can demonstrate this idea first by asking a confident pupil to provide you with a “call”, to which you respond in different ways.
Lead the class with different “call” rhythms to which they can respond in different ways.
“Improvisation is about making music up as you go along, using any ideas that come into your head. Improvising is to music what talking is to language. It is a common form of music making that spans the whole history of music. It is still present in a variety of different and exciting styles from today from music around the world such as Samba. Improvising can seem daunting at first. Generally musicians work with a shared idea, a scale pattern or a structure, which helps them to think through what they are doing.”
Working in Small groups work on your own improvisations and use it as a section C. Use the rhythm grid to record your ideas